Counting and Measuring Crusoe is a careful note-taker whenever numbers and quantities are involved. We may often wonder why Crusoe feels it useful to record that it did not rain on December 26, but for him the necessity of counting out each day is never questioned.
Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work.
Crusoe lands in an inhospitable environment and makes it his home. His taming and domestication of wild goats and parrots with Crusoe as their master illustrates his newfound control. But in the later part of the novel, Crusoe stops viewing himself as a passive victim and strikes a new note of self-determination.
In building a home for himself on the island, he finds that he is master of his life—he suffers a hard fate and still finds prosperity. Defoe explores the link between the two in his depiction of the colonial mind.
For Crusoe, repentance consists of acknowledging his wretchedness and his absolute dependence on the Lord. After repentance, he complains much less about his sad fate and views the island more positively.
Later, when Crusoe is rescued and his fortune restored, he compares himself to Job, who also regained divine favor. Ironically, this view of the necessity of repentance ends up justifying sin: Crusoe may never have learned to repent if he had never sinfully disobeyed his father in the first place.
Thus, as powerful as the theme of repentance is in the novel, it is nevertheless complex and ambiguous. Indeed, his island existence actually deepens his self-awareness as he withdraws from the external social world and turns inward.
The idea that the individual must keep a careful reckoning of the state of his own soul is a key point in the Presbyterian doctrine that Defoe took seriously all his life.
We see that in his normal day-to-day activities, Crusoe keeps accounts of himself enthusiastically and in various ways. Similarly, Crusoe obsessively keeps a journal to record his daily activities, even when they amount to nothing more than finding a few pieces of wood on the beach or waiting inside while it rains.
Crusoe feels the importance of staying aware of his situation at all times. Where have you been? Crusoe teaches nature itself to voice his own self-awareness.LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Robinson Crusoe, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work.
Christianity and Divine Providence As much as Defoe's novel is about Robinson's literal, physical journey, it is also about his more .
Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work. The Ambivalence of Mastery. Crusoe’s success in mastering his situation, overcoming his obstacles, and controlling his environment shows the condition of mastery in a positive light, at least at the beginning of the novel.
Daniel Defoe's novel is, at its core, the spiritual autobiography of one man: Robinson Crusoe, mariner of York. He is first rebellious, then atones for his sins, and then converts himself and others to Christianity. Themes in Robinson Crusoe Religion and repentance: The story of Robinson Crusoe was intended by Defoe to be a moral example for readers on how to live godly lives.
The importance of repenting one's sins is the primary religious issue Crusoe faces in the novel. Before there was Tom Hanks, Castaway and that blood-stained beach ball named Wilson, there was Robinson Crusoe. This novel was written by Daniel Defoe (not to be confused with Willem Dafoe, the actor) and published in , and Defoe probably based Robinson Crusoe on a real guy named Alexander Selkirk, who was a Scottish castaway.
An interactive data visualization of Robinson Crusoe's plot and themes. Brief Biography of Daniel Defoe Daniel Foe was born into a lower-middle class Presbyterian family in London in (he later added the French-sounding "De" to his last name to sound higher-class).