Because of this, other classification systems such as the one shown in the table are also used to help determine severity. Focal and diffuse brain injury CT scan Spread of the subdural hematoma single arrowsmidline shift double arrows Systems also exist to classify TBI by its pathological features. Extra-axial lesions include epidural hematomasubdural hematomasubarachnoid hemorrhageand intraventricular hemorrhage.
Concussions are graded as mild grade 1moderate grade 2or severe grade 3depending on such factors as loss of consciousness, amnesia, and loss of equilibrium.
In a grade 1 concussion, symptoms last for less than 15 minutes. There is no loss of consciousness. With a grade 2 concussion, there is no loss of consciousness but symptoms last longer than 15 minutes.
In a grade 3 concussion, the person loses consciousness, sometimes just for a few seconds. The seriousness of a concussion dictates what kind of treatment you should seek. Most people with concussions fully recover with appropriate treatment. But because a concussion can be serious, safeguarding yourself is important.
Here are a few steps to take: A health care professional can decide how serious the concussion is and whether you require treatment.
If you have suffered a grade 1 or grade 2 concussion, wait until symptoms are gone before returning to normal activities. That could take several minutes, hours, days, or even a week. If you have sustained a grade 3 concussion, see a doctor immediately for observation and treatment.
A doctor will ask how the head injury happened and discuss the symptoms. The doctor may also ask you simple questions such as "Where do you live? Continued The doctor may test coordination and reflexes, which are both functions of the central nervous system.
If hospitalization is not required, the doctor will provide instructions for recovery. Aspirin -free medications may be prescribed and you will be advised to take it easy. Experts recommend follow-up medical attention within 24 to 72 hours if symptoms worsen.
If your concussion was sustained during athletic activity, stop play and sit it out. Your brain needs time to properly heal, so rest is key. Definitely do not resume play the same day. Athletes and children should be closely monitored by coaches upon resuming play.
If you resume play too soon, you risk a greater chance of having a second concussion, which can compound the damage.
The American Academy of Neurology has issued guidelines about resuming activities after a concussion. Guard against repeat concussions. Repeat concussions cause cumulative effects on the brain.
Successive concussions can have devastating consequences, including brain swellingpermanent brain damagelong-term disabilities, or even death.
Can I Prevent a Concussion?
By its very nature, a concussion is unexpected, so it is tough to prevent. But there are several common-sense precautions you can take to lessen the possibility of traumatic brain injury. Participation in high-contact, high-risk sports such as football, hockey, boxing, and soccer can increase the likelihood of a concussion.
Wearing headgear, padding, and mouth and eye guards can help safeguard against traumatic head injuries. Ensure that the equipment is properly fitted, well maintained, and worn consistently.
Drive and ride smart. Concussions are often sustained during an assault, and more males than females report traumatic head injuries.A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI).
It can occur after an impact to your head or after a whiplash-type injury that causes your head and brain to shake quickly back and forth.
A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is defined as a blow to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the normal function of the brain. TBI can result when the head suddenly and violently hits an object or when an object pierces the skull and enters brain tissue.
Apr 06, · What are the treatments for TBI? A variety of treatments can help promote recovery from the physical, emotional, and cognitive problems TBI may cause.
The types and extent of treatments depend on the severity of the injury and its specific location in the brain. Brain Damage: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments.
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) There are numerous symptoms of brain damage, whether traumatic or acquired. They fall into four major categories. Jun 18, · Traumatic Brain Injury Information Page.
Combining the efforts of the many physicians and scientists who work to develop better treatments for TBI requires everyone to collect the same types of information from people including details about injuries and treatment results. NIH BRAIN Initiative® Health Scientist Administrator.
Although most traumatic brain injury patients enter subacute treatment centers in shock or a state of post-traumatic amnesia, they leave these facilities ready to live independently, live with home care or move onto to long-term care centers.
Patients with mild to moderate TBI spend little, if no time in subacute treatment centers. In contrast, those with severe traumatic brain injury usually spend anywhere from 5 .