Within a few decades, machine intelligence will surpass human intelligence, leading to The Singularity — technological change so rapid and profound it represents a rupture in the fabric of human history. The implications include the merger of biological and nonbiological intelligence, immortal software-based humans, and ultra-high levels of intelligence that expand outward in the universe at the speed of light.
Washing machines, dishwashers, vacuums, automobiles and numerous other machines are more or less givens as accessories to contemporary life.
Of course, some people do not possess these accouterments, but, most can be rented or used at commercial facilities. Whether they are owned or let, the power to operate these various machines is obligingly available.
At the end of the 20th century, these types of machines and the power to run them have become integral parts of modern life. So entwined have mechanical devices become with modern life that the not so distant past, before they were established as necessary adjuncts to it, is often viewed with nostalgia and gratitude for the lessons learned during the preceding centuries of drudgery.
In a Darwinian view of the history of household technology it is easy to accept that today's home has naturally benefitted form the progress of science and technology. However, if the interest were the point of conjunction between the home, technology and readily available energy, it would be found in the s.
On the corners of this s intersection between the home, technology and readily available energy stand the housewife, domestic servants and household appliances. As technology produced more opportunities for women in industry and business, less were willing to spend long hours working for low wages as domestic servants.
Middle-class housewives, whose budgets could not accommodate the increase in the cost of domestic help, would be more likely to purchase appliances to ease their own workload than wealthy woman who would probably purchase appliances for their servants to use. Numerous manually operated appliances were marketed before the s, but, the rapid electrification of urban areas during that decade 3 was complimented by increases in the types and availability of electric appliances which were much easier to use than the manual models.
To persuade housewives that their products would cleanly, safely, and efficiently decrease housework electric companies and appliance manufacturers utilized articles, expositions, women's magazines and advertisements as tools of propaganda.
For example, in the second half of the s the Electrical Development Association EDAan English organization, began to heavily promote the development of the British domestic market 6 through a variety of advertisements emphasizing the rewards reaped by housewives who used electricity.
One ad featured a fashionably dressed woman leaving to play golf during the day because, as the caption insists, she was 'no longer tied down by housework' since she 'spring cleans with electricity' which was readily available 'at the flip of a switch.
In an earlier ad from the American Corporation General Electric, the The Lamp that Lights the Way to Lighter Housework featuring the Edison Mazda lamp, electricity was promoted as a way for the housewife to carry out her duties, such as washing, ironing, toasting and vacuuming, in a well lit environment with the aid of her agreeable and competent electric servants.
This was another argument posed to increase the appeal of electricity to housewives. For example, a EDA poster was carefully composed to communicate this exact message. Bright white and rising triumphantly in the center of a dense black background is an athletic figure holding a globe in its raised right hand.
Looping from the bottom of the globe and held up by the figure's left hand is a 'cord' that curves down to a power station within a white silhouetted skyline extending across the width of the poster.
Dramatically positioned under the skyline in commanding white text is the caption that boldly advises: The use of coal, which must be carefully tended and emits a grimy soot when burned, was limited to fireplaces and stoves.
The heavily polluted skies of 19th century cities are legendary, but rarely are the thick air and sooty surfaces of homes heated with coal addressed.
But, coal gas, which is made from carbonized coal, had an unpleasant odor and was somewhat unsafe.
If a gas appliance was not completely turned off, or, if a pilot light went out, the resulting build-up of gas could lead to an explosion. Furthermore, the exposed flame of a gas light could start a fire.
Electricity, on the other hand was espoused as clean, invisible, odorless, flexible and tireless. At any time one simply flips a switch or inserts a plug to have an unlimited and convenient source of energy. The primary disadvantage to the use of electricity is the availability of outlets.
This is, however, a potentially easy problem to remedy. In the s magazines such as Building Age and Electrical World featured articles concerned with ways to include the optimal number outlets in a house to provide the housewife with ample opportunities to use appliances.
Peer Commentary. Criminality Is a Product of Genes and Environment Maureen E. Wood Rochester Institute of Technology. In considering the roles of genetics and environment on criminal behavior, or any behavior for that matter, I think the best explanation is that there is a complex interaction between one's inherited traits and the environment in which he or she lives. Inductive reasoning is a method of reasoning in which the premises are viewed as supplying some evidence for the truth of the conclusion (in contrast to deductive reasoning and abductive reasoning).While the conclusion of a deductive argument is certain, the truth of the conclusion of an inductive argument may be probable, based upon the evidence given. Jan 30, · Technology Topics for Research Papers. Updated on July 21, Virginia Kearney. Essay Topics on Technology. Every year, technological devices become faster, smaller, and smarter. Your cell phone holds more information than the room-sized computers that sent a man to the barnweddingvt.coms:
Electricity was unlike coal which both required constant tending and produced soot and in preference to gas which was less safe. Praise and promise were heaped upon electricity, electric appliances and their capacity to improve the lot of the housewife.
Emil Rathenau, a German industrialist who was a leader in the development of the electrical industry in Europe, thought that electric light would be like a little man, a helper of the housewife.
Rathenau also advocated that the use of electricity would help to bring housewife out of the hidden darkness of the household. In addition, an electric kitchen was also exhibited at the Fair. According to Deborah Ryan, this combination of the status quo with the promise of invention demonstrated that an 'Ideal Home' was only attainable in theory, not practice.
From onwards, the Ideal Home Exhibition In effect, the modern housewife could never achieve her 'ideal home,' because technology was constantly improving; each ideal was surpassed by another.
Each Ideal Home Exhibition promised to surpass the previous one with its labour-saving innovations and the promise of improvement. Manufacturers aggressively advertised these products. The ads usually featured one or more time- and labor-saving products in combination with the image of a relaxed housewife effortlessly using an appliance.Nowadays, Technology drives just about every area of our lives.
Several ways technology is used currently are communication, business distribution, Medical field and everyday household equipment’s. As a result Technology progression has not only improved our convenience, but has increased the.
On today's homefront very little thought is given to throwing a load of laundry into the machine, stacking the dishes into the dishwasher and quickly running the vacuum before jumping into the car for a quick trip to the store to pick up dinner.
An analysis of the history of technology shows that technological change is exponential, contrary to the common-sense intuitive linear view.
So we won't experience years of progress in the 21st century -- it will be more like 20, years of progress (at today's rate). The returns, such as chip speed and cost-effectiveness, also increase exponentially. Note: All responses are reproduced exactly as written, including errors, misspellings, etc., if any.
Essay Response — Score 6. The statement linking technology negatively with free thinking plays on recent human experience over the past century. Sullivan University offers many flexible affordable online degree programs.
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