The Indian Governors General held control of Indian Affairs, but usually delegated much of their responsibility to a series of Civil Secretaries. Inthe responsibility for Indian affairs was transferred from the government of Great Britain to the Province of Canada and the responsibility for Indian Affairs was given to the Crown Lands Department Commissions Responsible for Indian Affairs. The federal government's legislative responsibilities for Indians and Inuit derive from section 91 24 of the Constitution Act, and responsibility was given to the Secretary of State for the Provinces Responsible for Indian Affairs. Inthe Indian Act, which remains the major expression of federal jurisdiction in this area, was passed and a series of treaties  were concluded between Canada and the various Indian bands across the country.
But dominant Christianity sees the Earth not as Manifest destiny and the dances with but as something to be ruled over as God commanded—i. This article describes some of the direct results of the Christian belief in God-sanctioned dominion. Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you.
And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age. As the last recorded personal directive of Jesus to his disciples, it holds great significance to all his followers.
It is the theological foundation for Christian evangelism, Crusades, and the Doctrine of Discovery. Many Native Americans, when speaking about Western civilization, Christianity and colonization, will immediately name the Doctrine of Discovery as the root of the colonization, dispossession and genocide they have experienced from the western colonial powers throughout the Americas.
Any land not Christianized, i. Gilder Lehrman Collection In Romanus Pontifex and then again in Inter Caetera the Pope, claiming dominion over the entire world, issued statements which gave European rulers the sanction to colonize all of the non-Christian world.
The Bulls gave Columbus, Cortez, Pizarro, Cook, Hudson and the rest both legal and moral license to do whatever they wanted to the people and lands they encountered, including dispossession, enslavement, and murder.
For example, in the Tennessee Supreme Court case Tennessee v. Forman, the court ruled: The principle declared in the fifteenth century as the law of Christendom that discovery gave title to assume sovereignty over, and to govern the unconverted natives of Africa, Asia, and North and South America, has been recognized as a part of the national law, for nearly four centuries.
Therefore all Native American land claims were null and void. The Doctrine of Discovery still stands in their way. And the entitlement, arrogance, and righteousness it is based on is evident in the common use of the word discovery in this colonizing sense.
People discover new restaurants, bars and hotspots. They discover new neighborhoods with inexpensive prices and move in.
This contemporary doctrine of discovery, labeled gentrification, carries a presumption of entitlement to invasion and possession just from the fact people now recognize something they were previously unaware of. The privacy, sovereignty and rights of the people whose space they are invading are disregarded as they appropriate land, culture or spiritual practices.
Crusading — God commanding Christians to wage pre-emptive war — became a controlling idea.
Because people must be evil controlled by the Devil to oppose the will of God, the non-Christian enemy was always deemed intractable and had to be exterminated for the safety of the community.
Any people judged barbarian, not living by civilized i. Christian standards, were subject to colonization for the same reasons.
Vasco da Gama, Christopher Columbus and Hernan Cortez all wore the cross on their breast, on their sails and, besides their commercial goals, hoped to attack Islamic rulers from the rear by circumnavigating Africa or reaching Asia.
The popes strongly encouraged these expeditions. All pronouncements and laws issued by the throne used discover and pacify, even when referring to armed intervention. Religious repression was even harsher for those indigenous peoples who were able to organize serious resistance.
Idols were destroyed, temples burned and those who celebrated Native rites were punished by death; festivities such as banquets, songs and dances, as well as artistic and intellectual activities painting, sculpture, observations of stars, hieroglyphic writing — all suspected of being inspired by the devil — were forbidden, and those who took part in them mercilessly hunted down and enslaved or murdered.
At first, people were attacked because they were not Christian.I just can't for the life of me understand why this movie is rated below Avatar After having seen this movie again for the first time in years, and after having seen Avatar, it is my opinion that Dances with Wolves is in an entirely different league in terms of story telling.
The oral traditions of Native Americans, Native Alaskans, and First Nations in Canada provide a wealth of insights about the history of literature on the North American continent. Regrettably, however, these traditions are often overlooked by scholars and students of American literature.
“Native. Hill HarperActor and NY Times bestselling author Hill Harper is ready to take his nonprofit, the Manifest Your Destiny Foundation (MYD), to a national level and offer his Summer Empowerment Academy in various cities across the country starting with Washington, DC.
And God blessed them, and God said unto them, be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth..
Aug 18, · This video is unavailable. Watch Queue Queue. Watch Queue Queue. Through this lesson, you will learn about the major developments in manufacturing that occurred during the s, and gain insight into how the development of mass production influenced the lives.