She introduced and developed the idea of the settlement house to the United States founding Hull House with Ellen Starr in ; campaigned for better social conditions and led investigations into various areas of health and welfare.
Mission[ edit ] Addams followed the example of Toynbee Hallwhich was founded in in the East End of London as a center for social reform. She described Toynbee Hall as "a community of university men" who, while living there, held their recreational clubs and social gatherings at the settlement house among the poor Jane addams and in the Jane addams style they would in their own circle.
Organizations led by women, bonded by sisterhood, were formed for social reform, including settlement houses in working class and poor neighborhoods, like Hull House. To develop "new roles for women, the first generation of New Women wove the traditional ways of their mothers into the heart of their brave new world.
The social activists, often single, were led by educated New Women. The "residents" volunteers at Hull were given this title held classes in literature, history, art, domestic activities such as sewingand many other subjects. Hull House also held concerts that were free to everyone, offered free lectures on current issues, and operated clubs for both children and adults.
InAddams published her thoughts on what has been described as "the three R's" of the settlement house movement: These involved "close cooperation with the neighborhood people, scientific study of the causes of poverty and dependence, communication of these facts to the public, and persistent pressure for [legislative and social] reform These studies enabled the Hull House residents to confront the establishment, eventually partnering with them in the design and implementation of programs intended to enhance and improve the opportunities for success by the largely immigrant population.
Others, like Hull-House [co-founded by Addams], were secular. That invitation to the community, written during the first year of Hull House's existence, suggests that the inner core of what Addams labeled "The Hull House Neighborhood" was overwhelmingly Italian at that time. There was no discrimination of race, language, creed, or tradition for those who entered the doors of the Hull House.
Every person was treated with respect. The Bethlehem-Howard Neighborhood Center records substantiate that, "Germans and Jews resided south of that inner core south of twelfth street …The Greek delta formed by Harrison, Halsted and Blue Island Streets served as a buffer to the Irish residing to the south and the Canadian—French to the northwest.
From the river on the east end, on out to the western ends of what came to be known as " Little Italy ", from Roosevelt Road on the south to the Harrison Street delta on the north, became the port-of-call for Italians who continued to immigrate to Chicago from the shores of southern Italy until a quota system was implemented in for most southern Europeans.
The exodus of most ethnic groups began shortly after the turn of the twentieth century. Greektown and Maxwell Street, however, remained.
Italian Americans were the only immigrant group that endured as a vibrant on-going community. That community came to be known as " Little Italy ".
Taylor Street's Little Italy, the inner core of Addams' "Hull House Neighborhood", remained as the laboratory upon which the social and philanthropic groups of Hull House elitists had tested their theories and formulated their challenges to the establishment.
A review of the ethnic composition of those who registered for and utilized the services provided by the Hull House complex, during its 74 years as a tenant of the near-west side, suggests an ethnic bias.
He later became a top photographer with Life. It circulated the world as a "poster child" of sorts for the Hull House social experiment.
In doing so, the Sun-Times article listed the names of each of the young boys. This would include ethnic food, dancing, music, and maybe a short lecture on a topic of interest.
Some of the themed evenings were Italian, Greek, German, Polish, etc. Ellen Gates Starr described one Italian evening as having the room packed full with people.
One of the ladies who attended "recited a patriotic poem with great spirit" and everyone was moved by it. They acted as midwives, saved babies from neglect, prepared the dead for burial, nursed the sick, and sheltered domestic violence victims.
For example, one Italian bride had lost her wedding ring and in turn was beaten by her husband for a week. She sought shelter at the settlement and it was granted to her. Also, a baby born with a cleft palate was unwanted by his mother so he was kept at the Hull House for six weeks after an operation.
In another case, a woman was about to give birth to an illegitimate baby, so none of the Irish matrons would touch it. Addams and Starr stepped in and delivered this helpless little one. Finally, a female Italian immigrant was so thrilled about fresh roses at one of the Hull House receptions that she insisted they had come from Italy.The House That Jane Built: A Story About Jane Addams [Tanya Lee Stone, Kathryn Brown] on barnweddingvt.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
This is the story of Jane Addams, the first American woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize, who transformed a poor neighborhood in Chicago by opening up her house as a community center.
This title has Common Core connections. This is the story of Jane Addams, the first American woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize, who transformed a poor neighborhood in Chicago by opening up her house as a community center.
The Jane Addams Hull-House Museum (JAHHM) serves as a dynamic memorial to social reformer Jane Addams, the first American woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize, and her colleagues whose work changed the lives of their immigrant neighbors as well as national and international public policy.
Jane Addams (September 6, – May 21, ), known as the "mother" of social work, was a pioneer American settlement activist/reformer, social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, public administrator, protestor, author, and leader in women's suffrage and world peace.
She co-founded, with Ellen Gates Starr, an early settlement house in the United States, Chicago's Hull House that. + free ebooks online. Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day?
Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. Jane Addams (—) Jane Addams was an activist and prolific writer in the American Pragmatist tradition who became a nationally recognized leader of Progressivism in the United States as well as an internationally renowned peace advocate.