What Are Summative Evaluations? Contextual planning for schools with economically disadvantaged student populations should take into consideration that students may not be able to bring their own supplies.
As this process takes place in a social context, it is inevitable to experience some problems while teaching the students having different needs, interests and levels. These problems may be caused by the students, teachers as well as the physical environment in which teaching and learning take place.
It is clear that language teaching skill is not enough to handle these problems; teachers also need classroom management skills so that they are able to manage their classrooms.
It is believed that successful classroom management is highly related to effective instruction. As classroom management is a general term that is affected by many factors, the effectiveness of classroom environment depends on how teachers cope with these factors and provide their students with a positive and friendly classroom atmosphere.
It is clear that a detailed analysis of the factors that affect successful classroom management and adequate teacher training on how to cope with them will make unmanageable classrooms manageable which will immediately result in effective teaching and learning process.
In this article, factors that influence successful classroom management will Environmental contextual factors in a school analyzed and possible solutions to these problems will be presented. Classroom management, teacher training, effective instruction, physical environment.
It can be defined as a way of organizing the physical setting of the classroom, students, resources and the equipment so that effective and successful teaching and learning can take place. It is believed that successful classroom management is closely related to effective instruction.
It means that the teacher must try to enhance students learning as well as maximize appropriate students behavior. Classroom management is a broad term that is affected by many factors and it is these factors that make classrooms manageable or unmanageable.
In this paper, these factors will be handled under three main categories as factors concerning students, factors concerning the school environment and factors concerning teachers. These three factors will be analyzed in details and solutions will be provided so as to deal with each situation.
In this paper, these factors will be dealt with under three categories as factors concerning the students, factors concerning the school environment and factors concerning teachers. Jones and Jones The summary of different learner needs and characteristics are given in the following list.
Learners may have differences in their characteristics such as: Classroom management, effective instruction and enhanced student behavior, is highly affected by these variables. It is asserted that students show more positive behaviors in schools where they feel the sense of belonging and support.
Moreover, they are more successful when they are engaged in instructional activities designed in tandem with their own lives and cultures. Jones and Jones, However, it is essential to recognize that the physical environment can influence the way teachers and students feel, think and behave.
As a result, it is really necessary for teachers to establish a classroom environment that is nonthreatening, friendly, motivating, positive and really conducive to effective learning and enhanced student behavior.
As a teacher, it is important to provide students with appropriate sights, sounds and feelings in order to prevent classroom management problems and enhance desired student behavior. It is important to create a visual environment that: The materials prepared should be neat, colorful and appealing to the eye of the students.
It is important that the materials should teach and reinforce what is aimed to teach, and they should have a social and communicative value. The materials being used should provoke critical thinking and be questioning in nature. The materials should help students feel self-confident and proud of them by praising their accomplishments and strengths so that students are able to persist in their studies.
It is important to create an audio environment that will enable students to feel relaxed during the classroom procedures. It is suggested that music should be employed while attendance is being taken, during an introductory activity, or during class work times so as to motivate students and set a friendly and nonthreating atmosphere.
Besides creating an effective visual and audio environment, it is also important to create an environment that is contributory to concentration, study and learning. This means an effective classroom environment in which students feel relaxed, comfortable, and at ease.
If our aim is communication and interaction in the target language, it is important to design the seating system in such a way that students are able to communicate with each other. Semi- circles or U-shapes are really desirable as they allow students to face each other; as a result, they feel socially secure.
In addition to social security, it is also important to increase psychological security of the students. It is important to arrange the classroom space so that students 16 are free from being disturbed.For the contextual factors, family conflict was the strongest predictor of violence, and school commitment/attachment was the weakest predictor for both samples.
For youth offenders, family conflict had the largest direct effect, followed by susceptibility to negative peer influence and influence of the Triad gangs, while school commitment/attachment had a significant though mild direct effect.
The physical environment of school buildings and school grounds is a key factor in the overall health and safety of students, staff, and visitors. School buildings and grounds must be designed and maintained to be free of health and safety hazards, and to promote learning. Contextual Factors The environment in which the counseling takes place can have a significant effect.
If it takes place where the client feels uncomfortable, for example where a school counselor speaks with a child in a feared classroom, then this may negatively affect the session.
Ecological systems theory, also called development in context or human ecology theory, identifies five environmental systems with which an individual interacts.
The theory offers a framework through which community psychologists examine individuals' relationships within communities and the wider society.
CLASSROOM, SCHOOL AND HOME FACTORS THAT NEGATIVELY AFFECT GIRLS EDUCATION IN MALAWI What are the contextual and educational factors responsible for non-enrolment or wood energy resources and the environment, 5 housing, transport and water and sanitation.
With an estimated GNP per capita of. the factors that determine a ﬁrm’s environmental strategy, the analysis of stra- tegic patterns is an interesting way to approach its study.
In this sense, our.