You can find specific formattingfootnotingand bibliographic information through the menu to the right, or download this information as a PDF. Although the 16th edition of The Chicago Manual of Stylewhich is available online, and the 8th edition of Kate L. Williams, and the University of Chicago Press Editorial Staff University of Chicago Press, also offer guidelines for parenthetical documentation and reference lists, the Chicago and Turabian styles are most commonly thought of as note systems, which are frequently used in history and the arts. Check with the instructor who assigned your paper to determine whether you need to use notes or whether you can cite sources parenthetically in the body of your paper with a reference list at the end.
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This section contains information on The Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation.
These resources follow the seventeenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in As The Chicago Manual of Style is primarily intended as a style guide for published works rather than for class papers, where necessary, CMOS guidelines will be supplemented with information from the student reference, Kate L.
To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all CMOS citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart.
General CMOS Guidelines Text should be consistently double-spaced, including block quotations, notes, bibliography entries, table titles, and figure captions.
For block quotations, which are also called extracts: A prose quotation of five or more lines, or more than words, should be blocked. CMOS recommends blocking two or more lines of poetry. A blocked quotation does not get enclosed in quotation marks.
A blocked quotation must always begin a new line. Page numbers begin in the header of the first page of text with Arabic number 1. Subheadings should be used for longer papers.
CMOS recommends you devise your own format but use consistency as your guide. Typeface should be something readable, such as Times New Roman or Courier. Font size should be no less than 10 pt. Major Paper Sections Title Page According to Turabian style, class papers will either include a title page or include the title on the first page of the text.
Use the following guidelines should your instructor or context require a title page: The title should be centered a third of the way down the page.
Your name, class information, and the date should follow several lines later. For subtitles, end the title line with a colon and place the subtitle on the line below the title.
Double-space each line of the title page. Titles in the text as well as in notes and bibliographies are treated with quotation marks or italics based on the type of work they name.
Book and periodical titles titles of larger works should be italicized. Article and chapter titles titles of shorter works should be enclosed in double quotation marks. The titles of most poems should be enclosed in double quotation marks, but the titles of very long poems should be italicized.
Titles of plays should be italicized. Otherwise, take a minimalist approach to capitalization. For example, use lowercase terms to describe periods, except in the case of proper nouns e. It is also possible to offset the block quotation by using a different or smaller font than the surrounding text.
In Flowers of Freedom: Reframing Political Thought, Rose eloquently sums up his argument in the following quotation: In a society of control, a politics of conduct is designed into the fabric of existence itself, into the organization of space, time, visibility, circuits of communication.
And these enwrap each individual life decision and action—about labour [sic], purchases, debts, credits, lifestyle, sexual contracts and the like—in a web of incitements, rewards, current sanctions and foreboding of future sanctions which serve to enjoin citizens to maintain particular types of control over their conduct.
These assemblages which entail the securitization of identity are not unified, but dispersed, not hierarchical but rhizomatic, not totalized but connected in a web or relays and relations.
Leave one blank line between remaining entries. List entries in letter-by-letter alphabetical order according to the first word in each entry.Kate L.
Turabian's Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations presents two basic documentation systems: notes-bibliography style (or simply bibliography style) and author-date style (sometimes called reference list style).
These styles are essentially the same as those presented in The Chicago Manual of Style, . Cite your book in Chicago/Turabian format for free. You are citing in Chicago Manual of Style 16th. Scan your paper for grammar mistakes and catch unintentional plagiarism.
Try it now! Auto-fill mode Manual entry mode. and 17th ed. of Chicago (8th ed. Turabian). A typical Chicago format paper includes footnotes/endnotes, which are represented with a superscript in the in-text citations. It also entails an organized bibliography page, which entail all the sources used in .
Chicago Manual of Style & Turabian: Format and Documentation Updated: JM Citation Methods Footnotes, Endnotes, and the Bibliography (Turabian, , ; Chicago, , ) The citation method Chicago and Turabian recommend for use in the humanities is bibliography style: a system that uses notes (footnotes or .
Chicago/Turabian Documentation Style. The Chicago or Turabian style, sometimes called documentary note or humanities style, places bibliographic citations at the bottom of a page or at the end of a paper.
Interestingly, another manual on Chicago style paper format is well-known and recognized. It was put together by Kate L. Turabian and is titled A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations.
This is why this formatting style is sometimes called Chicago / Turabian. Looking for some example of Chicago style paper, people most.