Eating Disorder Statistics General statistics: At least 30 million people of all ages and genders suffer from an eating disorder in the U. SMR for Anorexia Nervosa is 5. OSFED, as revised in the DSM-5, includes atypical anorexia nervosa anorexia without the low weightbulimia or BED with lower frequency of behaviors, purging disorder, and night eating syndrome.
From the Department of Psychiatry Mss. Jones and Rushing and Dr. Carneyand the Department of Internal Medicine Dr.
Carney Corresponding author and reprints: Received Jul 25; Accepted Oct This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Bulimia nervosa is a psychiatric condition that affects many adolescent and young adult women.
The disorder is characterized by bingeing and purging behavior and can lead to medical complications. Thus, patients with bulimia nervosa commonly present in the primary care setting.
Physical and laboratory examinations reveal markers of bulimia nervosa that are useful in making the diagnosis. Treatment is beneficial, and outcomes of early intervention are good.
This article discusses the history, presentation, and tools needed for recognizing and treating bulimia nervosa in primary care.
In the United States, eating disorders affect 5 to 10 million people, primarily young women between the ages of 14 and 40 years. It is imperative that primary care physicians are aware of the presentation and subsequent interventions available to treat patients with bulimia nervosa, considering the relatively silent presentation of the disease.
In this article, we provide an overview of bulimia nervosa, associated physical and laboratory examination findings, and diagnostic strategies pertinent to primary care practice. Bulimia nervosa was described as an ominous variant of anorexia nervosa by Russell in According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition DSM-IVbulimia nervosa is characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating followed by 1 or more compensatory behaviors to eliminate the calories vomiting, laxatives, fasting, etc.
With the purging subtype, patients engage in some method to remove the binged food from their bodies.
This is most often accomplished by self-induced vomiting but can include the misuse of laxatives, enemas, or diuretics. Nonpurging bulimics use fasting or excessive exercise as the primary compensation for binges but do not regularly purge. Regardless of subtype, bulimic patients have negative self-evaluations, placing inappropriate importance on weight and body image.
Demographically, most patients with bulimia nervosa are single, college educated, and in their mids. However, most patients begin experiencing bulimic symptoms during adolescence.
For responders who answered positively to 1 of the 2 screening questions Do you ever eat in secret? The BITE is divided into 2 sections: The 3 graded-response questions make up the severity scale and ask the patient to score the frequency of their actions.
A score of 5 or more on this section is considered clinically significant, and a score of 10 or more is considered severe. The BITE takes an average of 10 minutes to complete and can be immediately scored by the practitioner.
Although not intended for screening in primary care, this instrument could be used to track disease severity in patients with known disease. The Eating Attitudes Test has been widely used in epidemiologic studies, particularly to assess for symptoms of anorexia nervosa.
The cardinal symptoms of bulimia nervosa include only inappropriate bingeing and compensatory behavior, not low body weight. It is possible for a patient to suffer from bulimia nervosa and be at or above normal weight.
For this reason, normal and overweight patients should not be overlooked if other symptoms or signs of bulimia nervosa are present.How Prevalent is Bulimia Nervosa?
Get the Facts & Statistics. Bulimia is a complex eating disorder shrouded in secrecy. Sufferers work hard to hide their bingeing and purging behaviors from others.
By shining a light on bulimia's life-threatening consequences and its pervasiveness, we can help increase awareness.
Here are some facts and . Jul 25, · Whereas the prevalence of anorexia nervosa for women in the United States is % to 1%, the prevalence of bulimia nervosa is 2% to 3% and can be as high as 10% in vulnerable populations, such as college-aged women. 6 Males are affected by eating disorders at a rate one tenth of that of females.
Demographically, most patients .
While the overall rates of bulimia nervosa are decreasing nationwide, the presence of bulimia nervosa in ethnic groups is steadily increasing. Statistics in Different Ethnic Groups In the United States, bulimia nervosa is the second most common eating disorder in population groups.
Statistics about eating disorder in general, and specific information about Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder, and many others. Statistics about eating disorder in general, and specific information about Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder, and many others.
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